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Other genes produce RNA molecules that are required for protein synthesis, transfer RNA ( tRNA ), and ribosomal RNA ( rRNA ). In order for DNA to function effectively at storing information, two key processes are required.
Protein synthesis, however, does not directly use DNA, but uses RNA. RNA is also a sequence of bases, not very different from DNA except for a few things. Instead of the base thymine (T), RNA has
What Is the Role of RNA in Protein Synthesis? Once the strand of mRNA has attached to a molecule of rRNA on the ribosome, a third RNA molecule, transfer RNA (tRNA), plays a role in protein synthesis. Many tRNA molecules collect the necessary amino acids already present within the cell's cytoplasm.
What Is tRNA? Transfer RNA (or abbreviated as tRNA) is small RNA molecule, typically between 70 to 90 nucleotides in length. The primary tRNA function is to deliver amino acids required for the process of protein synthesis. Transfer RNAs are carrying amino acids to the ribosome, where the actual protein synthesis takes place.
How do genes direct the production of proteins ? The type of RNA that contains the information for making a protein is called messenger RNA (mRNA) because it carries the information, or message, from the DNA out of the nucleus into the cytoplasm. Translation, the second step in getting from a gene to a protein, takes place in the cytoplasm.
Protein synthesis is a multiple steps biological process. The living cells use mRNA molecules to create all required for their functioning protein molecules. There is a cellular component which takes part in each of the protein synthesis steps. This vital component is called “messenger RNA” (abbreviated as mRNA). The role of mRNA in protein
What Is the Role of DNA in Protein Synthesis? To understand the role of DNA in protein synthesis, we first need to understand the basic structure of DNA. DNA is constructed as a double helix. To picture this, think of …
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