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Red Guards, Chinese (Pinyin) Hongweibing or (Wade-Giles romanization) Hung-wei-ping, in Chinese history, groups of militant university and high school students formed into paramilitary units as part of the Cultural Revolution (1966–76).
During the Cultural Revolution in China, Mao Zedong mobilized groups of devoted young people who called themselves "Red Guards" to carry out his new program. Mao sought to enforce communist dogma and to rid the nation of the so-called "Four Olds;" old customs, old culture, old habits, and old ideas.
Who, What, Why: What is the Little Red Book? Paramilitary "Red Guards" mobilised by Mao to purify the Communist Party would check whether those suspected of bourgeois tendencies were carrying it or whether they could quote from it.
Why did Chinese youth get swept up in the ? Document B: Red Guard Song Patriotic songs and slogans were common characteristics of the Cultural Revolution. This song was written by the People’s Liberation Army Songs Editorial Department sometime around 1967. Red Guards, Red Guards. Burning with revolutionary zeal, Tested by the storm of class struggle, Tempered for battle our hearts are
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